Maintaining eye health is crucial for preserving vision and quality of life. While a balanced diet should provide all the necessary nutrients for eye health, vitamin and mineral supplements can be a helpful addition.

Most vitamins are not synthesized in the body. This means that beneficial substances must come from external sources, from food. However, firstly, a person may not consume certain products.

Secondly, there are seasonal products that periodically disappear from store shelves or significantly increase in price, while specific vitamins are needed for the eyes year-round. This is why it is recommended to use various vitamin complexes and dietary supplements that replenish the body’s deficiency in substances that are necessary. Vision supplements are essential for maintaining eye health and the best defense against age-related issues

, Eye Vitamins, Vision Supplements

 Which Are Best Eye Vitamins 

  • Vitamin A : Strengthens the cornea of the eye and positively affects visual acuity. If the body lacks it, problems with the synthesis of the visual pigment rhodopsin occur, leading to so-called night blindness—inability to see objects clearly in twilight or darkness. Color perception may also be impaired. Vitamin A is found in blueberries, carrots, grapefruits, beef and pork liver, and fish oil. The daily requirement for an adult is 1.5 mg.
  • Vitamin B1 (Thiamine) : Responsible for the uninterrupted transmission of nerve impulses between the visual system and the brain, as well as contributes to the normalization of intraocular pressure. It is found in whole grain bread, soybeans, peas, spinach, as well as in pork and beef kidneys and liver. An adult male needs 1.2 to 2.1 mg of thiamine per day, and a female needs 1.1 to 1.5 mg.
  • Vitamin B2 (Riboflavin) : Improves blood circulation in the eye’s blood vessels. It also positively affects color perception and night vision. A significant source of this substance is sunflower seeds, and it is also found in green vegetables and eggs. An adult needs 1.5 to 3 mg of riboflavin per day.
  • Vitamin B6 (Cyanocobalamin) : Provides normal blood circulation in the eyes and stable functioning of nerve fibers. Sources of cyanocobalamin include eggs, liver, and fish. The daily requirement for a person is approximately 4 mg.
  • Vitamin C (Ascorbic Acid)  : Responsible for the blood supply to the eyes and provides additional protection against ultraviolet radiation. It is an antioxidant, and thanks to it, the eyes suffer less from oxidative stress. Sources of Vitamin C are blueberries, rose hips, carrots, in many other berries, vegetables, and fruits, as well as in beef. An adult man needs up to 90 mg of this vitamin per day, and a woman needs up to 75 mg.
  • Vitamin E (Tocopherol) : Like vitamin C, it protects the eyes from oxidative stress. It increases the elasticity of capillaries and improves their permeability. Tocopherol is found in carrots, sea buckthorn, spinach, broccoli, eggs, liver, vegetable, and cream butter. The daily requirement for an adult male is 10 mg, and for a woman, it is 8 mg.

Vitamins C and E are among the best vitamins for eye health, playing crucial roles in protecting eyes from damage and promoting good vision. The American Academy of Ophthalmology highlights these vitamins as essential for eye health, noting their ability to reduce the risk of developing cataracts and age-related macular degeneration. The Age-Related Eye Disease Studies (AREDS and AREDS2) have shown that high levels of vitamin E, along with other nutrients, can slow vision loss in individuals with age-related macular degeneration. B vitamins, including vitamin B3, are also important for maintaining healthy eyes and reducing the risk of glaucoma. A diet rich in colorful fruits and vegetables, which contain vital vitamins and nutrients, is essential for keeping eyes healthy and preventing eye diseases.

Vitamins for eye health

Supplements containing these vital nutrients can help bridge the gap and ensure your eyes receive the support they need to stay healthy.  The National Eye Institute’s AREDS2 study found that certain vitamins can help protect good vision by neutralizing free radicals.

Omega-3 fatty acids, found in sources like flaxseed, are known to help alleviate dry eye disease and reduce risk of cataract.

Among the beneficial substances for healthy eyes, it is also necessary to mention:

  • Beta-Carotene  : It has an antioxidant effect and is as effective as vitamin A, but unlike ascorbic acid, it does not have a toxic effect on the body when taken in large doses. Beta-carotene is found in carrots, pumpkins, melons, apricots, blueberries, tomatoes, and many other berries, fruits and vegetables,  especially in yellow and orange ones.
  • Lutein and zeaxanthin may prevent cataracts and age-related macular degeneration from progressing. Sources of lutein include spinach, parsley, peas, and pumpkin.
  • Zinc : This antioxidant substance also improves the absorption of vitamin A. It is found in wheat bran, legumes, potatoes, nuts, and red meat.
  • Selenium : Also has antioxidant properties and can slow down age-related retinal degeneration. Its sources include sunflower seeds, pink salmon, tuna, chicken eggs, cottage cheese, and beans.
  • Anthocyanins : Substances beneficial for vision, primarily found in blueberries and black currants, perform many useful functions: act as antioxidants, strengthen the walls of retinal blood vessels, and help improve night vision.
  • Flavonoids : These substances strengthen blood vessels and have a positive effect on collagen fibers in the cornea. They are found in dark chocolate with a cocoa content of at least 75%.
  • Polyunsaturated Fats and Fatty Acids , the source of which is tuna, salmon, and other types of fish, as well as cod liver, have good antioxidant properties.

The body needs various vitamins for eye health and other beneficial substances found in many products. It is not always possible to balance your menu in such a way as to get everything your eyes need. Besides, other organs also need certain beneficial substances to function properly. Therefore, it makes sense to pay attention to specially selected vitamin complexes.


Hyper-vitaminosis is an excess of a certain vitamin in the body. In some cases, excessive intake of a particular substance will not affect your health. However, there are vitamins for eye health where an overdose can be dangerous. An example of this is retinol or vitamin A. If there is significantly more of it in the body than is necessary, the following consequences may occur:

  • Impaired absorption of vitamin B12.
  • Formation of kidney stones.
  • Increased irritability.
  • Drowsiness.
  • Headaches.
  • Nausea.
  • Dry skin.

Therefore, vitamin A can be replaced with beta-carotene, which even with excessive consumption does not cause negative consequences. The main side effect of excess beta-carotene in the body is a change in skin color, especially on the palms and soles. The skin becomes yellowish, but this effect is temporary and quickly disappears.

How to Choose Vitamins for Eye Health

Vitamins and dietary supplements are not considered medicinal products, so they can be purchased at a pharmacy without a prescription. However, it is still advisable to consult an ophthalmologist and obtain advice from them. This is necessary in order to:

  • Choose the most effective option.
  • Avoid the risk of hypervitaminosis.

Your lifestyle and overall health also matter. For example, not all vitamins can be consumed during pregnancy. And for children, specially designed complexes are usually developed, taking into account age norms for vitamin and mineral needs.

Vitamins that improve vision are especially necessary for people over 40 years old. They can slow down age-related changes in the eye’s structures. It is also advisable to take them for people with certain diseases such as hypertension, atherosclerosis, and diabetes. These diseases carry an increased risk of impaired blood supply to the eyes. But vitamins will be useful for anyone who wants to normalize the work of the visual organs.

Most vitamin complexes, dietary supplements, and other similar non-drug agents that have a positive effect on the eyes can be divided into three main groups:

  1. Carotenoid-based – primarily contain beta-carotene and/or lutein.
  2. Anthocyanin-based.
  3. Universal – they include both carotenoids and anthocyanins.

However, for normal eye function, other substances, vitamins, and minerals are also necessary. They may also be included in the composition of a particular complex.

When choosing a suitable product, pay attention not only to its cost. The first thing to study carefully is the composition. You should look not only at what vitamins and other substances are contained in a particular complex but also at their percentage.

Often, manufacturers include a large number of auxiliary components in the composition of their products, which do not affect vision.

It is also necessary to find out if any studies of the vitamins that have attracted your attention have been conducted. Usually, information about research and their confirmed effectiveness and safety is provided in the instructions.

In addition, the instructions must indicate contraindications and possible side effects.

From the instructions, you will also learn how and with what frequency it is recommended to take vitamins.

Eye vitamins Vision vitamins

Forms of vitamin can be:

  • Tablets.
  • Capsules.
  • Solutions – they are produced for those who, for some reason, cannot swallow tablets and capsules, and are most often intended for children.

Taking tablets and capsules for vision is quite convenient: for most manufacturers, the dosage is 1 tablet per day.

If you need vitamins for a child, be sure to read the instructions to clarify from what age a particular complex or dietary supplement can be taken.

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Every Vireta BP product is manufactured in a GMP facility and undergoes numerous quality tests throughout the manufacturing process. The ingredients and final products are tested and analyzed by our Quality Control Department to guarantee potency and purity. For total transparency and quality assurance, the results are available for open access. Our supplement may help reduce the risk of developing eye diseases such as macular degeneration, cataracts, glaucoma, and other  age-related eye diseases (AREDS)  and prevent vision loss.

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It is important to remember that vitamins for good eye health do not treat any diseases and do not correct nearsightedness, farsightedness, or astigmatism. They can help normalize eye function and slow down age-related changes and eye conditions. This means that there is no point in taking them in large quantities, especially since in this case, there is a risk of hypervitaminosis.

Fresh foods are preferable to vitamin complexes. Therefore, if you have a choice between fresh blueberries and a vitamin complex based on blueberry extract, it is better to choose the berry. And it is better to make your diet balanced, add more healthy foods to your daily menu, and take vitamins when your body really needs to replenish the deficiency of certain substances.

If you have any questions, be sure to consult a specialist. An ophthalmologist will help you choose vitamins that will be beneficial for you specifically.

Key Takeaways

  • Essential vitamins for eye health, such as vitamins A, C, E, and B-complex, play a crucial role in maintaining vision and healthy eyes. Ensuring you get enough vitamins through a diet rich in colorful fruits and vegetables is good for the eyes and helps prevent conditions like eye strain, dry eye syndrome, and age-related cataracts. Regular intake of these vitamins can promote good eye health, and taking daily vitamin supplements may be necessary to address deficiencies.
  • The AREDS2 formula, which has been evaluated by the Food and Drug Administration, contains vitamins known to enhance vision and reduce the risk of vision loss.
  • Incorporating vitamin E-rich foods into your diet can help protect against oxidative damage and cataracts.
  • Regular eye exams are essential for detecting and managing eye issues early, ensuring you keep your eyes healthy and address any problems promptly.
  • Taking supplements can also help improve conditions like blurred vision and provide the necessary nutrients to support overall eye care.